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Finland Transportations


In 2007 there were an estimated 78,189 km (48,584 mi) of roads, of which 50,760 km (31,541 mi) were paved, including 700 km (435 mi) of expressways. In 2001 registered motor vehicles included 1,935,000 passenger cars and 316,738 commercial vehicles.

There were 5,741 km ( mi) of railway lines in operation in 2006, of which 99% were operated by the Finnish State Railways. In 2007, the merchant fleet had a combined GRT of 1,362,014; there were 92 vessels with a GRT of 1,000 or more. Import traffic is concentrated at Naantali, Helsinki, Kotka and Turku, while the ports of Kotka, Hamina, Kemi, Oulu and Rauma handle most exports. Icebreakers are used to maintain shipping lanes during winter months. More than 900 people were killed in September 1994 when the ferry Estonia sank in rough seas off the Finnish coast while sailing from Estonia to Sweden. In 2006 there were 7,842 km (4,873 mi) of navigable inland waterways, of which 3,700 km (2,300 mi) are suitable for steamers. An agreement was signed in Moscow on 27 September 1962 for the reopening of the important Saimaa Canal under Finnish control, one-half of the canal having been incorporated into the former USSR in 1947. After extensive reconditioning, the canal began operating in 1968.

Airports numbered 148 in 2007, of which 76 had paved runways. Helsinki-Vantaa is the principal airport, located at Helsinki. State-run Finnair is engaged in civil air transport over domestic and international routes. In 1962, Finnair took over Kar-Air, the second-largest air carrier in Finland. In 2001 6,697,600 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.


148 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 76
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 27
1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 22
under 914 m: 15

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 72
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 68

gas 694 km (2006)

total: 5,741 km
broad gauge: 5,741 km 1.524-m gauge (2,619 km electrified) (2006)

total: 78,189 km
paved: 50,760 km (includes 700 km of expressways)
unpaved: 27,429 km (2007)

7,842 km
note: includes Saimaa Canal system of 3,577 km; southern part leased from Russia (2006)

Merchant marine:
total: 92 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,362,014 GRT/1,002,280 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 26, chemical tanker 6, container 3, passenger 5, passenger/cargo 20, petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off 23, vehicle carrier 2
foreign-owned: 5 (Germany 2, Norway 1, Sweden 2)
registered in other countries: 43 (Bahamas 8, Germany 4, Gibraltar 3, Marshall Islands 2, Netherlands 14, Norway 1, Sweden 10, UK 1) (2007)

Ports and terminals:
Hamina, Hanko, Helsinki, Kotka, Naantali, Pori, Porvoo, Raahe, Rauma, Turku





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